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The accuracy of an analytical procedure is defined as how close the test results of the parameters are for a specific analyte compared to the true measure of these parameters.

In the case of trace analysis, accuracy can be established through the analysis of a certified reference material, a comparison to data obtained by an independent validated method, or an interlaboratory comparison involving a laboratory accredited by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and compliant with the general requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories (ISO/IEC 17025).

shall be established and documented.” Likewise, the U. Pharmacopeia (USP) requires that certain procedural steps are followed in the validation of compendial procedures (First Supplement to USP 40-NF 35).

In order to provide a harmonized regulatory framework for the method validation of analytical procedures, the International Conference on Harmonization of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use (ICH) has promulgated guidelines for the validation of analytical procedures (ICH Q2/R1).

Specificity is the ability to unambiguously measure the content or potency of analyte in the presence of other components such as impurities, degradation products, and matrix components.

Limit of detection expresses the lowest amount of analyte in a sample that can be reliably distinguished with a stated confidence level from the absence of that substance when using a specific test method.

Alternative validation approaches for classroom assessment are emerging but could benefit from more empirical verifications to make them theoretically sound as well as practically useful.

We are in an exciting era when new conceptualizations of communicative language use such as English as a lingua franca and use of new technologies in real-world communication are pushing the boundaries of the constructs of language assessments.

Based on ICH Q2/R1 as its primary reference, the FDA has offered guidance for industry on the analytical procedures and method validation for drugs and biologics, and the USP has published specific guidelines for the method validation of compendial procedures.

The ICH, FDA, and USP define the test procedure parameters to validate as encompassing accuracy, precision (repeatability, intermediate precision, and reproducibility), specificity, limit of detection, limit of quantitation, linearity, robustness, and system suitability testing.

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