At this site Paleolithic humans mined hematite to make the red pigment ochre.
At first, Egyptians used the bright green malachite stones for ornamentations and pottery.
De Re Metallica, Georgius Agricola, 1550, Book I, Para.
1 Mining operations usually create a negative environmental impact, both during the mining activity and after the mine has closed.
Since the beginning of civilization, people have used stone, ceramics and, later, metals found close to the Earth's surface.The Romans used hydraulic mining methods on a large scale to prospect for the veins of ore, especially a now-obsolete form of mining known as hushing.They built numerous aqueducts to supply water to the minehead.However, it was the Romans who developed large scale mining methods, especially the use of large volumes of water brought to the minehead by numerous aqueducts.The water was used for a variety of purposes, including removing overburden and rock debris, called hydraulic mining, as well as washing comminuted, or crushed, ores and driving simple machinery.