Ancient tombs predating egypt

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Religion was an integral part of the daily life of every Egyptian.As with the people of Mesopotamia, the Egyptians considered themselves co-labourers with the gods but with an important distinction: whereas the Mesopotamian peoples believed they needed to work with their gods to prevent the recurrence of the original state of chaos, the Egyptians understood their gods to have already completed that purpose and a human’s duty was to celebrate that fact and give thanks for it.Atop this hill stood the great god Atum who spoke creation into being by drawing on the power of Heka, the god of magic.Heka was thought to pre-date creation and was the energy which allowed the gods to perform their duties.The Egyptians were also responsible for developing the ramp and lever and geometry for purposes of construction, advances in mathematics and astronomy (also used in construction as exemplified in the positions and locations of the pyramids and certain temples, such as Abu Simbel), improvements in irrigation and agriculture (perhaps learned from the Mesopotamians), ship building and aerodynamics (possibly introduced by the Phoenicians) the wheel (brought to Egypt by the Hyksos) and medicine. 1800 BCE) is an early treatise on women’s health issues and contraception and the Edwin Smith Papyrus (c.1600 BCE) is the oldest work on surgical techniques.Another variant on this story is that Ptah first appeared and created Atum.Another, more elaborate, version of the creation story has Atum mating with his shadow to create Shu (air) and Tefnut (moisture) who then go on to give birth to the world and the other gods.

Personal hygiene and appearance was valued highly and the Egyptians bathed regularly, scented themselves with perfume and incense, and created cosmetics used by both men and women.Magic informed the entire civilization and Heka was the source of this creative, sustaining, eternal power.In another version of the myth, Atum creates the world by first fashioning Ptah, the creator god who then does the actual work.The culture is often misunderstood as having been obsessed with death but, had this been so, it is unlikely it would have made the significant impression it did on other ancient cultures such as Greece and Rome.The Egyptian culture was, in fact, life affirming, as the scholar Salima Ikram writes: Judging by the numbers of tombs and mummies that the ancient Egyptians left behind, one can be forgiven for thinking that they were obsessed by death. The Egyptians were obsessed by life and its continuation rather than by a morbid fascination with death.

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